Features of growing Chinese Schizandra
Many beneficiaries of horticulture know about the benefits and healing properties of this deciduous liana, although not everyone can grow Chinese lemongrass on their own plot. The adult plant differs not only in its useful properties, but also in its decorative appearance - beautiful fragrant lianas can become an effective decoration of your hedge or garden plot.
In the beginning of summer it is covered with fragrant white waxy flowers that radiate a pleasant lemon flavor, and in autumn it pleases with large clusters with red berries, which are very similar to the red currant, only larger and longer.
Chinese lemongrass in our region is rare, to some extent, it can even be called an exotic culture, because in the wild it grows mainly in the Far East, where, in fact, it was distributed around the world.
More than a thousand years ago, they knew about the beneficial properties of such a plant in ancient China and Japan, where berries were harvested for the future.In dried form, sailors and hunters often took them with them on long journeys, where with their help it was much easier to deal with fatigue, various diseases and ailments.
And today, in many respects, lemongrass is grown precisely because of its rich set of valuable properties that can be found both in the berries, and in its leaves and even the bark.
Why is it worth to work and grow this vine in your garden? At least because of its medicinal berries, the main action of which is tonic. On their basis, alcoholic tinctures are prepared, stored dry or poured with sugar, and then stored in the refrigerator - each of the methods is very justified.
Such home remedies perfectly stimulate the nervous system, becoming an almost indispensable tool when you need to improve brain activity, attention and endurance, to help the body adapt to new or adverse conditions.
In addition, lemongrass berries contain various acids, tannins, ascorbic acid, and a lot of iodine and potassium. Today, lemongrass is widely used in the pharmacological field, where new products are constantly being manufactured based on it.
Many of them are aimed at improving immunity, improving the functions of the liver and gastrointestinal tract, as well as the normalization of metabolic processes in the body. Berry juice copes well with gastritis (with low acidity), and tea based on young shoots is good to use to increase the vitality of the body and improve overall health.
True, there are those for whom eating lemongrass for food is contraindicated. For example, those who may have high blood pressure, as well as those who have problems with heart muscle. Also, the berries of this plant are not recommended for people with increased nervous excitability, suffering from insomnia. The same applies to pregnant women, as well as children under 12 years of age.
How to grow Chinese lemongrass?
At home, it is quite possible to grow such a useful plant, however, in order not to be disappointed and not to ruin a precious bush, it is important to know some features of the process.
A very important point is the correct fit, in fact, it affects the further growth and development. Most often, seeds or seedlings are used as material for planting.Option with seedlings is preferable, because they take root easier than seeds, and care for the latter a little bit more squeamish.
But the problem is that it is not easy to find good seedlings for sale, it is usually only realistic in nurseries that are not always available.
With the seeds of things are simpler: true, you need to know that they lose germination in six months. They are sown either in winter or in early spring after special preparation. If this is done in spring, the seeds must undergo a preliminary stratification (cold treatment).
When winter sowing the seeds pass through it naturally, that is, directly in the soil. If you sow the seeds in the spring, you must first soak them in water for 5 days, then wrap in a cloth (preferably nylon) and drip into a tray with sand. For a month, this tray should be kept in a room with a temperature of 18 ° -20 °, while constantly moistening the sand, and rinse the bundles of seeds once a week with running water.
A month later (usually the first days of January), the tissue roll is transferred to a small bowl with wet sand and placed in a cellar (or refrigerator) in this form, again for a month, only the temperature is about 0 °. At the expiration of time, the bundles are removed and transferred to a room with a temperature of 8 °.Seeds should be left again for 30-40 days, while periodically airing and moisturizing them.
After that, the seeds are planted on a special bed for seedlings, where they need to constantly weed, protect from cold and moisten. This method is, of course, more difficult and slower, however, the probability of success is much higher than in the variant with planting seeds in the winter.
Young shoots that are 2-3 years old take root much easier. Usually they are simply planted in a permanent place, and then well watered. If you manage to find such - then, consider, half the work is done.
In order for your lemongrass to grow as handsome as the specimens in the photo, you need to follow a few basic rules.
- First, it is a prop. As we have said, he refers to the vines, and, therefore, he needs to be able to weave his shoots in the same way as if this were happening in the conditions of nature. The depth of the pit for planting is small - about 40 cm, the soil should have a drainage layer, as well as part of the compost and humus. If there are several plants, it is better to plant them at a distance of 1.5 m from each other.
- Secondly, it should be remembered that Schizandra, although capable of growing in the shade, still prefers sunny areas, and is also afraid of strong drafts.
As for irrigation, it is necessary to carry it out as needed: during the active growing season, increase the amount of water to 6-7 buckets. Be sure to mulch in the autumn period: under the plant lay out a layer of leaves (15 cm) or a layer of compost.
That's all the basic wisdom of growing this medicinal plant. And the last thing you need to know: lemongrass is not afraid of the winter cold and even withstands very low freezing temperatures. And what is really scary for him is the return frosts, which are often already in the spring, knocking down flowers and buds.
If you take care of your pet from such troubles, you can be sure that it will surely please you with lush foliage and good harvest.