Feijoa - beneficial properties: the benefits and harms of feijoa fruit
In mid-October - early November, small greenish fruits with an amazing aroma - feijoa - appear on the counters of supermarkets and markets. Despite the fragrant sweet aroma, many of our compatriots and decide to try this wonderful fruit. And in vain, because feijoa is a real storehouse of minerals and an irreplaceable source of vitamins.
What kind of fruit is feijoa?
In fact, feijoa, rather berry than fruit. The tree itself is more like a spreading shrub and rarely grows to a height of more than 4 m. Feijoa belongs to the type of evergreen trees, the family of Myrtle. His homeland - South America, more precisely, the highlands of southern Brazil. Feijoa has dark green leaves with a slight silvery sheen and amazingly beautiful flowers, due to which it is often used as an ornamental plant. Europe learned about this overseas miracle berry at the end of the XIX century and feijoa immediately won the hearts of local gourmets.The fruit tastes like an original mix of strawberries, pineapple and kiwi, ripe berries are very sweet and juicy. In addition to the pulp of the fruit, it is also possible to eat the peel, flowers and leaves. This plant has received wide application also in cosmetology and medicine.
Feijoa: the beneficial properties of the miracle berries
It is difficult to overestimate the amount of useful properties possessed by this amazing plant. Let's start with the fruit. As a rule, they are consumed raw, cut in half and taking the pulp with a spoon. The feijoa pulp contains a huge amount of iodine (8 to 35 mg per 100 g) and is the only plant that is not inferior to seafood in this parameter. In addition, iodine in the fruit is water soluble, which means that it is completely absorbed by the human body.
The peel of the fruit - a real source of vitamins and antioxidants. In particular, feijoa peel contains a large number of leucoanthocyanins and catechins - phenolic compounds that care for the prevention of cancer. True, the tart taste and astringent properties will not let you "savor" the raw skin of the fruit.It is best to use it in dried form, as an exotic additive to green tea.
Feijoa: medicinal properties and contraindications
Local people in South America know firsthand about the medicinal properties of this plant. In folk medicine, broths and compresses of bark, leaves, flowers and fruits are widely used. Berries are rich in vitamins of group B, C, potassium, calcium, zinc, magnesium. They are recommended to be eaten by patients with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, atherosclerosis, pyelonephritis. Also, doctors advise to pay attention to feijoa pregnant women in the winter, when the number of healthy fruits and vegetables is sharply reduced. Broths from the peel of the fruit are used as immunopreparations in the period of colds and recovery after serious diseases. Feijoa leaves, or rather, a decoction of them, a recognized means for relieving toothache and treatment of diseases of the gums.
Known contraindications include hypersensitivity and individual intolerance. Also, due to the high sugar content in feijoa fruits, it is not worth it for diabetics and people suffering from obesity.