How does the gall bladder hurt?
The gallbladder is a bag about the size of a thumb. It is located in the lower chest, on the right. Oily bile continuously flows from the liver into the cavity of the gallbladder. There it accumulates and concentrates. The gallbladder transmits it after a person has eaten into the duodenum. There it serves to improve the absorption of fat foods. Can gall bladder hurt? Maybe in different ways.
For example, the most common cause of pain in the right hypochondrium is usually stones. And if they are found in your gallbladder, it will be a rather unpleasant discovery. In this case, you may face surgery to remove the gallbladder.
Pain in the gallbladder - stones
Stones in the cavity of the gallbladder are formed from hardening bile. It is associated with cholesterol, which is in the bile. When dehydration and a strong concentration of bile, he first begins to precipitate. Stones are harmless as long as they lie motionless in the cavity of the gallbladder.But when they move, problems begin. They can clog the bile duct leading to the small intestine. In this case, pushing the stone through the duct is the reason why the gallbladder hurts. This pain can last up to several hours. If you already have stones in your gallbladder, you should think about the methods of their dissolution, provided that you do not have diabetes.
Diseases causing pain in the gallbladder
The most common diseases associated with pain in the gallbladder area are:
- Cholecystitis is chronic or acute. It is characterized by persistent aching or, sometimes, pain in the gallbladder area. Or pains occurring approximately within three hours after ingestion of a large amount of food, often greasy and fried. Pain can be given in the area of the right shoulder blade, shoulder and neck. There may be feelings of metallic taste or bitterness in the mouth, belching, flatulence, nausea, alternation of diarrhea and constipation, as well as insomnia and irritability. Jaundice in such cases is not characteristic.
- Biliary dyskinesia is a dysfunction of the contraction of the gallbladder. This disease causes pain in the gallbladder type of biliary colic.Often this can be combined with a violation of the emptying of the cavity of the gallbladder. The disease can be associated with dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi, which regulates the flow of juice and bile into the duodenum. Or it may be a form of dysfunction.
- The occurrence of hyperkinetic dysfunction of the gallbladder can be characterized by the following features, as the gallbladder hurts. In this disease, periodically, severe colicky pains occur in the right hypochondrium. The pain can pass into the shoulder, into the right scapula, into the left side of the chest. The pain often occurs suddenly, repeats many times, may be accompanied by vomiting, nausea, bowel dysfunction, and occasionally headache, palpitations, sweating. However, the inflammatory process in blood tests is usually absent.
- With hypokinetic dysfunction, the patient has a constant dull pain in the right hypochondrium. There is no clear localization. There is a feeling of bursting. These symptoms are aggravated to a significant degree, with emotional stress, less often with eating.The patient is worried about belching, bitter taste in the mouth, bloating, poor appetite, constipation.
- Malformations may be completely asymptomatic or may be accompanied by pain in the gallbladder of varying frequency, duration and intensity.
- Damage to the gallbladder as a result of injury
- Exchange diseases of the gallbladder:
Cholesterosis is clinically manifested by stable dull aching pain in the right hypochondrium. They are amplified when walking fast, shaking, bending the body forward, when carrying weight in the right hand.
- Parasites can be the cause of a disease that causes gall bladder pain. Treatment in this case is prescribed by a doctor based on the results of laboratory tests.
- Tumors. Quite intense pain, jaundice, loss of body weight, anemia, increasing weakness, ascites give reason to suspect cancer of the gallbladder.
Remember that only a gastroenterologist can make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe treatment.