How to grow a flower Decembrist?
Not everyone knows, but it turns out that in nature there are such cacti, which completely turn over all ideas about caring for them. Such cacti do not have thorns, they love water and are afraid of bright sunlight, and, provided they are properly cared for, have the habit of blooming with lush and unusual flowers just before the New Year.
Called such flowers - Christmas or Decembrists, sometimes in literature you can find other names - the cancer neck, Schlumberger's zigokaktus or Varvarina spit. And since this plant has been known to flower growers for quite a long time, it has received another unofficial name - Grandma's Flower.
In our land, the Decembrist migrated from the humid tropical forests of South America, where he was accustomed to hide behind the lush crowns of local trees, without bright light and in a shortage of soil.
Notable is the fact that the Christmas trees remain true to their historic homeland, and even in the conditions of the house, they continue to bloom at that time,when summer comes in our native lands, and this is despite the fact that at this time outside the windows we have a cold and possibly snowy winter.
This is the main charm of the flower - it indulges with lush and beautiful flowering exactly when the other flowers are at rest. The natural color of the Decembrist's blooms is bright red and white, however, by the works of breeders, others were bred - coral, bright orange and lilac.
Secrets of care
And here on your windowsill was a young and cute Christmas car. How to care for him in such a way that every year he pleases you with his juicy and impressive flowering? It is believed that to grow such a flower at home is not so difficult, even for a beginner florist, but it is not always possible to achieve the timely appearance of flowers.
Let's start with the location: as we have said, such a flower does not like bright light, and, therefore, it will be more correct to place it on the western or southern windowsill. In the summer, the Decembrist will be extremely grateful to you if it turns out to be in the open air - a darkened loggia, balcony or terrace at home will be the ideal place.
During the flowering period, the Decembrist cannot be moved at all or somehow deployed, twisted. As for the main care: it is more like the care of ordinary deciduous home flowers, than cacti. For example, if a cactus is not watered in time, it will not particularly suffer from this, but the Christmas tree needs regular watering with cold, settled water.
As for the temperature regime, we can say that such a flower refers to it is quite tolerant and able to survive at temperatures from 2 ° to 38 °. However, the optimal interval for its normal growth and development is 18-25 °.
There is one small secret: in order for the Decembrist to regain his strength and delight you with a rich flowering, in the period from September to the end of November, the air temperature must be kept within 12-16 degrees. At the beginning of December, the temperature is returned to normal, the flower awakens and the active phase of flowering begins.
Watering the Christmas tree should be moderate: it is important that the earth in the pot could dry out, but do not dry until the formation of an earthy coma. Harmful to the flower is excessive moistening of the soil, and in particular, if the room is observed a low temperature regime.
The water must necessarily be separated at room temperature, even in the summer it is not recommended to use water from the tap. In the hot period, a warm shower or regular spraying will be useful for the Decembrist. The main thing is not to forget to cover the ground with polyethylene during such procedures, otherwise a glut of water can lead to rotting of the roots.
Easy process which consists in two main points. Firstly, it is important that the new soil be saturated with nutrients, peaty soils are suitable for this. Secondly, make sure that the pot was laid high-quality drainage, because for the Decembrist is extremely important to prevent stagnation of water and rotting of the roots.
Drainage should occupy the third part of the pot. Transplantation is best done at the end of winter, and the pots should be shallow due to the superficial and rather weak root system of such colors. Young plants must be replanted every year, adults - in 3-4 years as the flower grows.
Why doesn't the Decembrist bloom?
The biggest disappointment for a grower is an indoor plant that refuses to bloom, in particular, this concerns the Decembrist.To correct such a problem, be sure before the flowering period, at least for a few months, arrange a rest time for the plant: reduce watering, put it in a cool place and do not fertilize it.
In December, move it to a warm room and water it abundantly, causing it to wake up. After a while, buds will appear, but that’s not all, because they can easily fall off with the wrong actions of the grower. During this period, do not disturb the pot anymore, make sure that the earth does not have time to dry, and also maintain the high humidity of the room: for this, spray the Decembrist daily.
Is the Decembrist sick?
What problems can you encounter while growing up such a handsome home? Most often, breeders are afraid of the sluggish and whitish leaves of a flower.
We must not forget that in the summer time this is his completely normal state, but if with its ending no changes are felt, then it may be that the light is too bright (think up a curtain, for which it will be possible to hide the flower), irregular watering or defeat by pests.
The most common among them is the shield, which is not difficult to get rid of with the help of special tools sold in the flower shop.Sometimes the disease can look like spots, leaves fade and eventually fall off - symptoms of bacterial and fungal diseases, which can also be eliminated with the help of special store supplies.