How to grow a salad?
There is nothing easier than growing a salad in your land plot. This plant is popular among summer residents, because leaf lettuce is unpretentious, it grows quickly and does not need daily care.
Eating fresh salad has a positive effect on the state of the whole organism. In this article we will explain how to grow lettuce in your garden.
When to plant a salad
Lettuce is cold-resistant enough, so the best time to plant is in early spring. It can be sown in April, when the soil warms up to +4 - +5 degrees. You should not worry if the temperature suddenly drops to -4 degrees: seedlings will tolerate this temperature well.
The most favorable temperature for growth and rapid growth is +15 - +20 degrees. When the air warms up to +25 degrees, the plant can go to the arrow and start blooming.
What is the soil and which place is suitable for salad
It is worth considering that lettuce loves the sun and moisture. Therefore, in order to grow it in the spring open sunny areas will do.By the way, if you did not have time to sow a salad in early spring, then you can also plant it in the summer, only in a shaded place. The abundance of the sun will not do him good.
Most of all the salad loves loose soil rich in organic matter and trace elements. In general, lettuce grows on almost any soil: on sand, on loam, on black soil. He does not like only heavy clay and acidic soil.
Preparation of beds
Prepare the bed for the cultivation of lettuce is necessary from the autumn. The earth needs to be burned and fertilized with compost or manure.
How to plant a salad
The most suitable varieties intended for planting in the open field - Ballet, Kritset, Riga, Odessa curly horse currant.
Lettuce should be sown in well-loosened soil. The grooves should be 15–20 cm apart, not deeper than 2–3 cm.
Sprinkle the furrows with seeds at a distance of 2 cm from each other, if it turns out more often, then that's okay - then you still need to thin out the salad. We pour water and cover it with earth. Shoots will appear in about a week.
The first week after planting seeds need watering 2-3 times a week.After the first 4 leaves of the salad have appeared, it will be necessary to thin it so that the plants are 7 cm away from each other.
Adult plants need to be watered almost every day in dry weather, preferably in the morning or in the evening. It is necessary to loosen once a week. At this care is over.
It is worth noting that the salad that is torn off at the dacha is the most useful than the one bought at the store, since the latter almost certainly underwent heat treatment.