How to grow violets at home?
Violets are exactly the indoor plants that suit the overwhelming majority, because who does not want to have a pretty flower on its own window that blooms almost all year round?
In addition, if you believe the opinion of experienced professionals, home violet does not require much attention and strength from its owner, it turns out, if you acquire such a plant, you can provide yourself with beauty that pleases the eye and takes almost no time!
But still, it is worth noting that to grow such a home plant and to achieve its constant flowering is not such an easy task, especially for beginning flower growers. Some experts even argue that violet is a capricious flower that, without receiving proper care, tries to die quickly.
So who to believe? In fact, Saintpaulia, as the violet is also called, is a rather unpretentious plant, although, of course, in order to achieve beautiful and dense flowering, it is still necessary to know the main features of this plant.
Interestingly, at home they began to grow violet not so long ago, some a hundred years ago, since it has become a favorite plant of many gardeners, and the variety of its varieties can tempt almost everyone who went to the flower shop.
Home room violets require special care, if you follow all the subtleties of cultivation, as a result, you can grow a beautiful, well-developed, ever-flowering and successfully propagating plant.
We get violet to our home
When you go to the flower shop, you will surely get confused, because dozens of the most unusual and amazing varieties will appear in front of you: there are violets with terry and fringed inflorescences, the flowers can be painted a single shade, and can be multi-colored, with patterns and transitions, Combine several shades, night or day.
The complexity of caring for violet will not change in accordance with the complexity of its pattern, so feel free to choose the one you like the most.
When you have decided on a variety, you must carefully inspect the beauty, because she must be absolutely healthy and strong, because the diseased plant sometimes cannot grow even the most experienced gardeners.
Be sure to pay attention to the leaves: they should not be covered with some kind of suspicious spots or light transitions, most likely, this is a diseased plant. Look at the growth point: it should not be too tight, exhausted or with signs of decay.
It would be nice if the variety was indicated on the pot, as well as the date of planting the plant, this is an important point, otherwise then you will have to look for the name of your violet by eye.
Remember that violet is afraid of hypothermia, so in the winter it is better not to buy it, and if you still had to, ask the seller 3-4 days before the purchase not to water it.
Before transportation, pack the plant in several layers of the newspaper, then wrap it in a plastic bag. If, after transportation, some of the leaves are damaged or broken, they should be carefully removed from the outlet.
Where and how to place a new favorite?
Remember that violets are light-loving plants, but at the same time, they do not tolerate direct sunlight. The most ideal place where the cultivation process will happen easiest is the eastern and northern windows of the apartment, but not the southern ones.
If there is no way to put the flower in the right place, then the western window will have to be darkened, especially after dinner, the best tulle is best for these purposes.
If the window, on the contrary, is practically devoid of sunlight, then it is best to equip a rack with artificial lighting that will allow placing a sufficiently large number of plants in a small area. In general, the violet should receive daylight for 10-12 hours a day, remember that the lack of lighting for such a flower is also destructive, as is its overabundance.
After you have decided on a place for your new plant, you need to pay attention to the pot in which it is planted. Many experienced growers recommend to give preference to plastic pots - and cheap, and practical, but suitable and ceramic pots, here, so to speak, is up to you.
Many beginning flower growers can not understand why the violet disappears, because all conditions are met, and it grows badly and does not want to bloom. Perhaps the whole thing is in the wrong pot: ideally, for young flowers, the diameter of the pot should not exceed 5-6 cm, and for adult outlets it is enough 10-12 cm.
Do not be confused by the fact that the leaves hang outside the pot, and the socket itself is three times larger than it, this is normal, only in such conditions the violet will be able to fully develop and blossom.
Soil and fertilizing
To grow a beautiful violet at home is real, the main thing is to pay due attention to the earthen mixture, it is considered that to achieve a good result is real only if you choose the right soil composition. For example, ordinary garden soil will not work, it is too dense and heavy, which prevents the outlet from developing normally and producing beautiful flowers.
The soil, which is ideal for growing violets, should be loose, light and airy. For these purposes, ready-made earthen mixtures are sold in flower shops; you can prepare it yourself: in a ratio of 5: 3: 1, we mix black earth, peat and sand.
To ensure drainage at the bottom of the pot you need to put a layer of pebbles or expanded clay, which will prevent the stagnation of water, which, in turn, can cause rotting of the roots of the plant.
Remember that all the necessary nutrients that ensure the normal development of the plant, violet completely takes from the soil.
The composition of the soil, over time, deteriorates and compacted, which adversely affects the plant, so it is very important to carry out its transplant in time.
It is necessary to feed violet in moderation: in winter, several times with organic fertilizers, and in spring and autumn with mineral fertilizers, not more than three times. In general, you should always look at the appearance and condition of the plant, if fertilizing is not required, it is better not to be zealous.
Watering and temperature
The ideal summer temperature is 21 ° -24 °, in winter time - 18 °. Be sure to get rid of drafts, as they are destructive for this plant. A full care for violet, of course, can not do without proper watering.
Remember that flowers should be watered gently, water should not fall on buds and leaves, especially during the flowering period.
For irrigation you can not use cold and running water, the ideal option - settled water, which is several degrees warmer than the air temperature. Watering the plant is enough about two times a week, water can be poured directly into the pan, most importantly, do not forget to make a small hole in the bottom of the pot, if there was none.
How does the violet breed?
The easiest way to carry out this process is by rooting the violet cutting, for this it is enough to separate the leaf from the second lower row, cut it off with a sharp blade at an angle of 45 ° and put it into the water.In the water, you can add a tablet of activated carbon, so the process of rooting the leaf will occur faster.
After the length of the roots reaches 1.5-2 cm, the leaf is transplanted into peat, while planting depth is carefully observed - no more than a centimeter. The leaf is placed in a warm and bright place, covered with a package.
Immediately after two pairs of new leaves appear on a piece of paper, they can be transplanted and transplanted into separate containers, usually using plastic cups.
The soil must be loose and light, it is necessary to ensure a high content of peat and perlite. In addition to cuttings, the violet can reproduce by a flower spike or seed, but these methods are quite laborious and are far from immediately amenable to even experienced flower growers.