Kaleria - fluffy home flower
Houseplants decorate the interior of the house and bring pleasant emotions, if properly care for them. And how to grow a beautiful kaleria? Let's figure it out!
Kaleria is a herbaceous plant belonging to the Gesnerian family. The name of the flower was due to the scientist Michael Kohler. You can find two other common, but less well-known names - Isoloma and Thida. In total, this genus includes about sixty species. The most popular varieties of kaleria are such as foxfly, boghotskaya, fluffy and pleasant.
Kaleria has oblong oval pubescent leaves, straight standing or creeping stems. The flowers are also covered with villi, shaped like bells and have bent edges. Their color is usually not monophonic, and there are such shades as purple, coral, lilac, purple. Flowers are collected in the inflorescence.
Peculiarities of care
How to care for kaleria? Growing this flower involves the observance of several conditions:
- The right place.The kaleria flower is thermophilic, so it will feel comfortable in a warm room in which there are no drafts.
- Suitable soil. The soil may consist of a part of turf, leaf soil and sand, as well as two parts of peat land. To the substrate, you can add crushed charcoal, which will perform drainage functions and prevent overmoistening of the root system.
- Lighting should be sufficient, but still delicate flowers and leaves should be protected from direct sunlight, especially in the afternoon and summer: they can be scattered by hanging a light curtain. It is best to put the pot on the east or west window. On the southern side, it is desirable to slightly deflect the calorie from the light source, and on the northern side the illumination may be insufficient. And even in the dormant period, when the kaleria begins to shed its leaves, the sun needs it.
- Temperature mode. In summer, kaleria feels comfortable at 20-25 degrees. In winter, during the period of rest, the temperature can be reduced to 15-20 degrees.
- Humidity should be moderate, although the flower tolerates dry air. But it is still advisable to moisten the kaleria: for this, place a container with water next to it or spray water near the pot. But do not let drops fall directly on the flowers and leaves.
- Watering should be moderate during the active growing season, that is, from spring to autumn. Use separated and non-hard water at room temperature. In hot summer weather, watering may be more frequent: do not allow the soil to completely dry and form a crust on its upper layer.
- Transplantations take place as the plant grows and its roots grow, usually annually. It is recommended to do the transshipment, that is, carefully move the kaleria into a container of larger diameter together with an earth clod entangled with roots.
- You can fertilize kaleriya during the flowering period, preferably from mid-spring to late summer. Fertilizers are applied once a week and a half. During rest, fertilizing is not needed.
Reproduction kaleriya at home is carried out in several ways. The first is grafting. Strong cutting is placed in a container with water and left in it until the first root processes appear - for about a week. Next, the shoot is planted in a small appropriately sized pot. As the kaleria grows, it moves to a larger capacity. It is also possible to use a leaf for reproduction, but it can take about three to five months to root.
The second breeding method is rhizome division.This option is more simple and can be used at any time of the year. Tuberiform scaly root knife is divided into two or three parts, and each is placed in a separate pot. Next, you need to regularly moisten the soil so that the processes took root and began to develop.
During propagation by seeds, the material is sown in the spring season in a mixture of sand and peat, it is not necessary to fill it up. It is necessary to wait for the appearance of two or three formed leaves, and after that the sprouts can be swooped, that is, seated in different pots. Next, the shoots as they grow are pinned: the upper buds are removed to form lateral shoots. Pinching is carried out until the sprout has taken the form of a bush.
Kaleria - unpretentious plant, extremely rarely attacked by pests. Still, shoots may be affected by spider mites or aphids, which leave marked traces and provoke deformation and twisting of the leaves. With signs of parasite attacks, treatment with insecticides is carried out.
Excessively humid air can cause fungal diseases that are treated with fungicides.And when waterlogging increases the risk of developing rot. If the tender leaves of the kaleria are damaged or wetted, they may become stained or even fall off, which will greatly affect the appearance of the plant.
If the flower began to drop the leaves, do not study signs. Such a sign indicates improper care, for example, a lack of light, using too cold water for irrigation.
Kaleria is a beautiful flower that will decorate the interior and please the eye, if you ensure it is properly cared for.