What are the baths?
One of the ancient places of worship associated not only with washing, but also rest, is a bath. This concept means not only the place itself, but also the whole process associated with the bath. Today we will tell you what baths are. Let's start with the Russian bath. Classic Russian bath built from coniferous wood. It consists of 3 sections: dressing rooms, washing room and, directly, the steam room itself. As a rule, the inside of the room is covered with linden, Abashi wood or Canadian cedar.
Types of baths
So, what are the baths? The Russian bath has long been of two types: black and white. White bath is a more common option. In the dressing room is placed the furnace firebox, and in the steam room there is the back part, in which the stones lie. To supply heat, a hole was made in the back wall. Well, of course, the bath was a chimney. In turn, the principle of the bath in black was as follows. The hearth, covered with bars, was located in the steam room. The stones were laid on the grate, however, the chimney itself was missing. The firewood heated up the stones lying on the lattice, and the smoke passed through the doors and windows, thereby heating the walls, the ceiling and the floor. To heat the bath in black required skill.Such a bath was considered more hygienic than a white bath. Today, there are practically no such baths left.
There are other types of baths. What is the bath still? It happens and the Japanese bath. As a rule, a crate or barrel of oak, larch or cedar is filled with hot water. The barrel is called ofuro. To ofuro lean against the ladder, and put a bench inside. They do not wash, and climb already washed, in order to warm up. The average water temperature is 40-60 degrees Celsius. The Japanese are closely watching that no garbage gets into the ofuro. The water there is always clean and hot. Modern Japanese baths are not rarely equipped with electric heating and hydromassage.
There are also Turkish baths. What should be this type of bath? They are called hamam. From the inside, the Turkish baths are decorated with marble tiles and decorated with mosaics. As a rule, inside, there are stone benches near the walls of the bath, and massage tables are located near the walls. The ceilings in the Turkish bath are vaulted. A characteristic feature of the Turkish bath is a multitude of hot and cold water embedded in the walls of stone bowls, taps and fountains. In the center of the hall there is an elevation, under which a reservoir of boiling water is located, it provides the bath with steam and heat. Turkish bath is good for those who do not like or do not tolerate high temperature.The average temperature in the hamam does not exceed 55 degrees, and the humidity is 95-100%. All visitors walk in towels wrapped around the hips.
Happens and Finnish sauna. The principle of construction is similar to the Russian bath, but the sauna is smaller in size. The room inside is trimmed with linden, aspen, birch or poplar. The choice of this tree is due to the fact that it warps less than others. Humidity in the Finnish sauna is not high, but the air temperature reaches as much as 140 degrees. They come to such a sauna after washing, and they wipe dry; otherwise, you can get burned. In the sauna usually arrive 5-10 minutes. Due to the dry heat, sweat is very well ejected.
The question remains - with such a wide variety, how to build a bath? Of course, it all depends on personal preference. Someone likes to sit a little longer, in a not very hot room, and someone, on the contrary, prefers to quickly run for 5 minutes, but to be as hot as possible. Anyway, the choice of various baths is quite large. They differ in their device and method of use, and therefore, the temperature and humidity of steam in them are also different.