What is a hypothesis?

Vera Melnikova
Vera Melnikova
January 12, 2015
What is a hypothesis?

Hypothesis. What does this word mean, what is its origin and usage? Understand this.

The hypothesis has Greek roots and is translated as “guess, guess”. Thus, a hypothesis is a statement of some kind, an assumption requiring proof. It can be refuted or approved at the entrance of the study of a particular issue or problem. By the way, this hypothesis differs from its antonym - axioms, thoughts, which have already been proven completely.

Examples of the use of the word "hypothesis"

  • The scientific assumption that must be proved theoretically or experimentally. For example: "UFO scientists have put forward a hypothesis about the existence of parallel worlds."
  • In colloquial speech, the word "hypothesis" means any assumption. For example: "He hypothesized why the attitude of the authorities towards him changed so much."

Types of hypotheses

  • The general hypothesis is an assumption about the patterns of the development of nature in general, society and man, this assumption based on scientific data. For example: "There is a hypothesis of the formation of the universe."
  • A private hypothesis is an assumption about the patterns of development of any part of the subjects and phenomena being studied, which are singled out from the general group. For example: "The hypothesis of the origin of the influenza virus."
  • A single hypothesis is an assumption of the existence, formation or development of something that has a single, concrete example.