What is a stanza?

Strophes existed in ancient Greece. Then the talented poets glorified love, relationships, battles using rhymed lines. So the stanza was born, and later it was classified. The concept of "stanza" - comes from the Greek language and means "turn", "turn" or "circling."

The translation of a word already contains its meaning. What is a stanza in our time? The fact is that a stanza is a combination of lines in a poem. In the syntactic science, a stanza is a complete unit or sentences (groups of units). Strings should be combined not only in structure, but also in meaning.

The stanza plays a big role in building the rhythm of the poem. The separation of parts of the text in stanzas means stopping in the poem, forms the rhythm of the poems. Strophic and syntactic division of the text usually coincide. The stanza should be syntactically complete, only then the text has a special expressiveness.

What is a stanza in literature

In a rhymed poem, the most popular way of combining sentences into a stanza is to combine by consonance.It groups the poems into stangemic connections. The simplest types of stanzas are simultaneously rhyming schemes. Dual rhyming (AA BB CC ... so on.) Is a couplet. The couplet, with the right alternation of male and female rhymes, can turn a text into a quatrain. Ixiform (ABAB CDCD, etc.) and one more form - shingles (ABBA CDDC, etc.) are two basic kinds of quatrain.

If we add various combinations of the simplest types of stanzas, we will get various complex stanzas. Merging in various combinations of simple stanza forms gives a variety of complex stanzas.

What is a stanza in a poem? The poem is built with the help of stanzas. By this, one should understand the position of rhymes in sentences of rhymed work.

Odnostyshie (monostih)

A non-literary poetic work that consists of one line. Often odnostishie happens in a humorous or satirical style.

"Sleep forever, dear friend, to the joy in the eyes of spring" ...

The Couplet (Distich)

The couplet is the simplest form of a poetic combination.

"That evening near our fire

We saw a black horse "

(I. Brodsky)

Triplets (tertset)

The next more complex form is the threes. The usual triceps contains three lines with the same rhyme: aaa bbb ccc.

There is a notion of a three-part of another form called tertsina. What does she mean? Tertsina is a three-legged poetic work in which there is a rhyme scheme aba bcb cdc. Dante wrote his famous work The Divine Comedy with this form of stanzas.

Quatrain (quatrain)

The most common form of stanzas is the quatrain or quatrain. Katren has two standard forms: abab (cross rhyme) and abba (sweeping or belted rhyme).

What is a stanza: an example of pentagram

The writing of poems by pentads is considered a form of a stanza, giving much more opportunities to express emotions than the previous forms of stanzas. It is worth noting that the five hundred and there are established forms. This is limerick. Limerick is an ironic quintuple with the aabba rhyme scheme. Homeland Limerick - England. The famous Limerick author is a talented man Edward Lear.

"I will say that in a faraway country

A lot of big changes!

And one huge question.

Why is the president an Eskimo.

Did you fill up the popsicle country? "


In their works we see them less often than quatrains, but much more often than pentads or tertsets. There are no established forms of the six hundred, therefore there is no limit to the imagination.

Seventies (septim)

It is quite rare. It is created by adding the seventh line to a six-word, two-rim, three-rhythm, or even four-rhyme. The possibilities in this stanza are simply colossal: abbabba, abccbac, aabccba and further according to this scheme. A lot of combinations. The seven-thirds are rarely used because of the historical moment: earlier it was simply not customary to write like that, that's all. Although it is easy and sometimes very cute.

"Here the wind whispered to me suddenly,

That life flies away

I'm standing, standing ... sneaking,

I look at the clouds of a hasty shawl,

Here are the clouds moaning thunderstorm,

Lightning shoot deaf,

I stand, look, and cry in the rain. "

What is the Onegin stanza?

The Onegin Stanza is the stanza that created the work in the verses by Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin "Eugene Onegin" - fourteen lines of iambic tetrahedral.

The basis of this stanza is a sonnet - a fourteen-line poem with a conditioned rhyming scheme.