What is beauty
There are many other definitions. For example, “Beauty is that which will save the world” (Dostoevsky) or “Beauty is a perfect objectification of the will at the highest stage of its knowability” (Schopenhauer). But, in fact, these words are not addressed in any way to that component of human essence, which unmistakably, but subjectively, distinguishes the beautiful from the ugly.
This is where the main difficulty arises. Beauty is a property of the perception of the world, and often the types of perception are absolutely not the same. In other words, what is ideal for one may seem ugly to another: both the facets of perfection and the music of the spheres are perceived by different people in different ways. There is no such standard, common for all times and peoples. But the feeling, or rather, the feeling of beauty, is inherent in all who visited this world. How can you at least get a little closer to understanding this phenomenon?
Thus, a person operates on the concept of beauty at the household level: “the beauty of a flowering tree”, “the beauty of a woman or man”, “the beauty of the landscape outside the window”.But these are not external signs and details, but only their perception. In other words, again, the peculiarity of the subject is to perceive the world in such a way that some details immediately attract attention and are recognized as beautiful or ugly.
However, the beauty of a piece of music or a poetic text, the beauty of a speaker’s syllable can be understood in the same way. But it is unlikely that a person will be able to give a clear answer to the question of what objective principles he was guided by, separating an object, action or image from other phenomena of the world and making it more significant. That is why, even among specialists, disputes about the real fullness of aesthetic terms do not abate for centuries.
The mystery of beauty is complex precisely because the objective perception of the world is generally far beyond words. The classic example is rosebud. You can immediately determine what its color, smell, size. A botanist will tell you what species the plant belongs to, the grower will name the variety, the seller will determine the cost. And the poet will pick up metaphors and may remain incomprehensible to those who have not seen anything special in this flower. But the signs, the classification of the classification of the principles of the "golden section" and even poetic tricks will not explain why the rose is beautiful. Where and in what exactly is her beauty?
Perfection, absolute harmony, perfection - all these are only dry definitions, despite the multiplicity of attempts to fix them in reference books on aesthetics and philosophical dictionaries. No wonder the great artists of the Renaissance, whose work was imbued with the ideas of striving for harmony, refused to continue work on paintings and frescoes, if they understood that the achievement and comprehension of the ideal at this stage is impossible.