What is cholecystitis?
At the moment, cholecystitis is a very common disease. That is why many doctors consult everybody who is willing to familiarize themselves with the causes of the disease, its symptoms and the possibility of treatment.
This disease is quite dangerous for the human body, so it is important for everyone to know what the threats of its occurrence and how to deal with it. In this article we will talk about what cholecystitis is, give the main causes of this disease and consider how to treat it.
What is cholecystitis
A disease such as cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder. This organ is located near the liver. It plays a very important role in digestion. The gallbladder contains a special fluid called bile. Bile exits the bladder and travels through the small intestine. In cholecystitis, the bile ducts are blocked, because of this, bile accumulates, edema appears. This disease is dangerous first of all by the occurrence of an infection, which can even cause a fatal outcome.
Causes of cholecystitis
One of the main causes of cholecystitis are kidney stones.They block the bile ducts, because of which the bile begins to stagnate. Cholecystitis can also be triggered by infections and injuries.
Also the cause of the disease can be:
- Violation of the diet, including the consumption of fatty, smoked and spicy foods.
- Stress and bad ecology in the city.
- Hereditary factors (eg, changes in the properties of bile).
- Constipation and other intestinal problems.
- Atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity, etc.
Symptoms of cholecystitis
One of the most common symptoms of cholecystitis is pain in the upper right part of the body, approximately under the ribs. This pain can be given to the right shoulder blade. Also characteristic symptoms of cholecystitis are nausea, chills, pain while inhaling. Moreover, in elderly people with cholecystitis, there is usually only a slight pain in the abdomen.
Stage of the disease
Cholecystitis has three stages, namely primary, acute and chronic.
- Already in the initial stage, cholecystitis poses a rather large threat. It can provoke diseases such as jaundice, peritonitis, skin rash, gallbladder disease.There are frequent cases of progression of diabetes during cholecystitis.
- The acute stage is characterized by severe pain. Chills and nausea, fever. In fact, the body is poisoned by bile, in which the infection has accumulated.
- Chronic cholecystitis can cause a rather complicated disease that is currently difficult to treat. With cholecystitis, which has a neglected state, the walls of the gallbladder thicken, become rigid. This affects all digestion, as a result, constant pain occurs.
Diagnosis and treatment of cholecystitis
In order to diagnose cholecystitis, use laboratory tests. At the first symptoms, it is strongly recommended to consult a doctor. This is the only way to diagnose this disease. After the inspection is performed, an ultrasound scan is necessary. It is ultrasound that is the most effective way to diagnose the presence of gallstones, as well as diagnose diseases of the gallbladder itself.
Due to the fact that cholecystitis in the initial stage can quickly develop into an acute form, treatment usually begins with the administration of antibiotics.The same applies to cases when, as a result of the formation of kidney stones, the bile ducts are not completely blocked, but the infection is already retained in them.
In the acute form of the disease, inpatient treatment is prescribed for the patient. As a rule, choleretic drugs are prescribed, for example, Holagol. Physiotherapy is also prescribed. The patient is obliged to follow a strict diet that excludes fatty, spicy, smoked and salty foods, as well as alcohol and foods containing preservatives and other harmful substances.
In severe cases, gallbladder removal may be performed. This operation is performed using small incisions that are made in the abdominal cavity. Sometimes there are cases when serious surgical intervention is indispensable. Therefore, cholecystitis is classified as a serious illness. Before surgery, the patient also needs to take antibiotics to reduce swelling and relieve irritation.
However, this does not mean that the patient, besides taking antibiotics, cannot be treated on his own in order to help improve his condition. You should take broths of choleretic herbs, which include immortelle flowers. You can also take drugs such as Holosas, Holagol and others.We emphasize that this treatment is additional, it does not exclude medical intervention at all, but only accompanies it.