What is democracy?

The government is governed by the existing political regime. Most of the developed countries of the world, when choosing a management system, preferred democracy to other forms. Very often we hear about this form of government, but not everyone knows what democracy is in accordance with scientific terminology.

What does democracy mean in a political context?

Democracy is one of the forms of government, which is characterized by the direct participation of the people or through their representatives in the decision-making process of government. In this connection, democracy is divided into: direct and immediate democracy. In order to understand what democracy means, we give its main characteristics:

  • fair elections (in the process of competition) of the most worthy candidates for leading the country;
  • the source of power is the people;
  • when making decisions, leaders are guided by the common interests of their fellow citizens.

Democracy is designed to defend the rights of each member of society, in connection with which a number of values ​​have been formed:

  • legitimacy;
  • freedom;
  • the right to choose;
  • equality;
  • human rights, etc.

The most popular goal of democracy is defined as the restriction of abuse and the suppression of the arbitrariness of power.

Depending on the dominant branch of government, democracy is parliamentary or presidential.

According to the regional hierarchy, a unitary state or federation is distinguished.

Linguistic analysis: what does the word "democracy"

From the Greek "democracy" literally translated as "the power of the people." The first forms of democracy emerged in the days of ancient Greece and ancient Rome. In the Middle Ages, democracy was brought up in the city-states. In the New Time, Europeans have learned what the word "democracy" means thanks to representative bodies. Modern democracy is the result of centuries of development and improvement.

Positive and negative aspects of democracy

Despite such a long history, democracy, as the ruling system, has both advantages and disadvantages.

So what's good about democracy

  • the prevention of despotism;
  • protection of interests of the majority of the population;
  • the opportunity to live in peace with their own laws and rules;
  • guarantee of human rights and freedoms;
  • the moral responsibility of citizens for political and personal decisions;
  • ensuring political equality of the population;
  • achieving a high level of human development and financial prosperity of the state;
  • reduction of military aggression of the country.

The negative effects of democracy include

  • promoting the personal interests of certain circles;
  • the deterioration of relations in a decision-making situation that infringes the interests of a part of the population;
  • dictatorship of the majority over the minority;
  • encouragement of disagreements that negatively reflect on the authority of the authorities;
  • the right to make decisions may have absolutely incompetent people;
  • the difficulty of implementing unpopular long-term measures;
  • distraction of citizens from personal problems and opportunities;
  • inefficient in comparison with the market self-regulation of society.

Today, most countries in the world are striving for democracy, but this does not mean that there are no other political systems of government. In addition to democracy, there are such political regimes:

  • authoritarian;
  • despotic;
  • aristocratic;
  • oligarchic;
  • tyrannical;
  • totalitarian.