What is Giardia?

Natalya Kosenko
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What is Giardia?

Giardiasis is a parasitic disease caused by Giardia. What is Giardia? These are the simplest microorganisms that cause inflammation of the intestinal mucosa and digestive disorders.

Children from 1 to 5 years are more susceptible to the disease, the probability of infection decreases with age.

What are the dangerous Giardia

Many parents, not understanding what lamblia is in children and how dangerous they are for the body, ignore the direction of the doctor for examination. But do not underestimate the consequences of this disease. Once in the intestine and actively reproducing, Giardia suck from the body vitamins and beneficial substances from food.

The toxic decomposition products they emit reduce the child�s immunity, cause the development of allergies, dermatitis, beriberi, and frequent colds. In the advanced stages of the disease, Giardia infects the nervous, endocrine, and cardiovascular systems.

What is Giardia - Symptoms and Diagnosis

The first signs of the disease can appear 10-15 days after infection with Giardia. In infants, giardiasis is manifested by loose stools, high-temperature flashes, and inhibition of physical development.

In older children, in addition to these symptoms, skin rashes, dyspnea, acute pains in the navel, nausea and vomiting may appear. Symptoms that cause Giardia can be mistaken for signs of food poisoning, atopic dermatitis, asthma. Therefore, only a doctor can establish a diagnosis based on a number of laboratory tests:

  • analysis of feces and duodenal ulcers for the presence of Giardia cysts;
  • enterotest (swallowing a gelatin capsule with a nylon thread);
  • intestinal biopsy;
  • serological diagnosis (blood test);
  • biochemical hepatogram (liver test).

Treatment and Prevention

Diagnosing giardiasis in one of the family members requires examination and treatment of all those living in the room. Lamblia should be treated with an integrated approach that includes:

  1. Antibiotics and procytocidal drugs (Metronidazole, Furazolidone, Aminohinol).
  2. Pathogenetic treatment (bifidumbus bacterium, antifungal, enzyme preparations).
  3. Symptomatic therapy.
  4. Dieting (eating vitamins, eliminating stress foods).

Prevention of the disease primarily involves the observance of sanitary and hygienic rules, the use of boiled or purified water, the regular holding of anthelmintic treatments for domestic animals.