What is inversion?
The word "inversion" comes from the Latin "inversio", which means - "turning over", "rearrangement". This term is used in almost all the basic sciences: in logic, mathematics, literature, geometry, drama, biology, physics and chemistry, in rhetoric and psychology. It is better to search for the exact answer to the question of what is inversion in the context of a certain science. And the general meaning of this concept is the same everywhere: "another order", "vice versa", "rearrangement", "another version", "a change in the usual order, state, structure"
What is inversion in literature
In the literature, inversion is a stylistic device, in which a non-standard word order is used, giving the sentence a beautiful sound and a special meaning. With it, the writer can focus on any action or word. In English, where the word order in the sentence is quite strict, inversion is rarely used, but in Russian it is very common.
If you skillfully rearrange the order of words in a sentence, you can give it the most expressiveness. The traditional sentence has the following structure: subject, predicate, definition, addition, circumstance.Inversion allows to violate this order, highlighting the most important element of the sentence.
Often inversion is used in poetry for the harmoniousness of lines and a successful rhyme. She can also be found in Russian translations of English poems. The main function of inversion in poetry: maintaining a common rhythm, a smooth connection between lines and paragraphs.
In the works of Lermontov one can find classic examples of inversion, especially in the works Mtsyri and Borodino, and the great Pushkin considered inversion to be one of the most necessary stylistic techniques. And in the poems of Tsvetaeva, Mayakovsky and Brodsky, the inversion can be easily found.
Understand what inversion is, examples will help best.
- "Everybody was ready tomorrow to start a new battle" (M. Lermontov)
- "I restore Russia from dampness and sleepers" (M. Tsvetaeva)
- "For the two years lived here, yesterday turned into tomorrow" (I. Brodsky)
- "At first I was very upset" (A. Pushkin)
- "The doorman is past him with an arrow" (A. Pushkin)
- “Perun’s submissive old man alone” (A. Pushkin)
- "And Oleg drove up to the wise old man" (A. Pushkin)
- “You are rich with countless treasures” (Goethe, translation by N. Kholodkovsky)
Why do we need inversion
To summarize, listing the advantages of inversion:
- inversion allows you to focus on a particular word or phrase;
- arranges semantic loads in a sentence;
- in a poetic text, inversion sets the rhythm;
- in prose, with the help of inversion, logical stresses can be arranged;
- inversion conveys the attitude of the author to the characters and the emotional state of the author;
- inversion enlivens the text and makes it more readable and interesting.
In order to fully understand what inversion is, one needs to read classical literature more. In addition to inversion, in the texts of great writers you can find many other interesting stylistic techniques that make speech brighter and which our Russian language is so rich.