What is language?
All people in the world are united by one common thing. This is communication. It is possible due to the existence of language. That it contains a very large number of words with which you can express any emotion and thought. But the word "language" has only one meaning. The article will discuss what language is.
So, the word "language" can mean a human organ, a subject of linguistics, and also a programming language can be meant.
Language as a subject of linguistics
Consider language as a subject for linguistics. It is a very complex system and consists of main categories, such as a set of words, semantics and syntax. Language in this sense is a way to transfer information between people. There are so many languages in the world and each of them has its own vocabulary. In other words, a certain number of words. The dictionary is the basis of each language. In addition, each word can have many different meanings. The variety of meanings of each word is semantics. But any language is not just a collection of words and their meanings.All words must somehow be combined, form certain phrases, phrases and sentences, allowing to fully express the opinion of this or that person. The rules for combining words into sentences and logical usage are syntax.
It should be noted that the languages for communication are those that emerged with the development of a certain people, and those that were created artificially. For example, sign language for deaf people.
Besides the fact that language is a means of communication, there are many more meanings of what language means. There are also programming languages. They represent the principles and rules of processing information and data, and the implementation of many computational operations. These languages are used in the computer field and facilitate the work of a person, and also provide various types of human entertainment. Programming languages are significantly different from human languages. When human speech is a combination of words that convey a certain meaning, then the language is a set of special code words, designations that define the algorithm for processing a process.
Language, as an organ of the body
The word language has another meaning. The term "language" is an organ of the body.It consists of muscle tissue and is placed in the mouth. Why do we need language as an organ of the body? It performs many functions. First of all, with the help of it, we can distinguish the tastes of food. That is to say, sweet or bitter food, or what kind of vegetable it is. It is in the language that there are receptors that determine taste.
In addition, the language takes a large part in communication.