What is metaphysics?

Alisa Verbova
Alisa Verbova
August 14, 2012
What is metaphysics?

Translated from the ancient Greek "metaphysics" means "what is after physics." So titled the Alexandrian philosopher Andronicus of Rhodes in the I century BC. a group of 14 texts of Aristotle, placing them in the collected works after the treatises on physics.

What is metaphysics? This is a doctrine about the origin of things, about the original nature of being and reality. The term originated over 2500 years ago, today we can distinguish ancient or ancient metaphysics, classical metaphysics and metaphysics of our days.

Aristotle considered his works as the basis of philosophy, i.e. science that studies the root causes of the birth of life itself. The Thinker called the works devoted to this discipline - “On Existence and Essence”, emphasizing the idea that, describing the underlying physical principles, new knowledge is at a higher level in relation to physics itself. The concept of metaphysics acquired the meaning of the synonym for the word "philosophy". In a broad sense, metaphysics considers any phenomenon in its entirety, in a complex of manifestations: both physical (real) and intangible (spiritual).

Our contemporaries mean by metaphysical phenomena objects and events that lie outside the physical world and belong to the category of "supersensible", mystical, occult. In everyday life, speaking about the metaphysical nature of something, we mean something strange, incomprehensible, some abstract concepts.

Reflecting on what metaphysics is, evaluating the evolution of this term, we understand that this is one of the most significant forms of human wisdom and a special way of knowing the world in which we exist.