What is myositis?

Anna Kitaychik
Anna Kitaychik
January 25, 2015
What is myositis?

Those who have experienced the problem of muscle inflammation are well aware of what myositis is. Consider in more detail the causes of its occurrence, symptoms and methods of treatment.

Myositis is a common name for diseases that affect the muscles of the skeletal muscles, regardless of their symptoms and the course of the disease; regardless of the number of affected areas - it can be one muscle, and their group.

The causes of myositis

Myositis can be caused in the following cases:

  • Most often, this is a local hypothermia, performing heavy physical exertion without preparing the body, or static muscle overstrain.
  • Injury of strained muscle fibers during sports.
  • Long stay in an uncomfortable position. This reason is often common in people in professions such as drivers, pianists, violinists, PC operators, etc.
  • Infectious diseases (ARVI, flu, chronic tonsillitis).
  • Intrusion of the parasite into the muscle.
  • Ingestion of toxic substances.


The first sign of myositis is pain in the affected muscle, which increases with time. It can also become sharper with certain movements and palpations. The diseased muscle is constantly in a state of tension and makes it difficult to move in nearby joints. Redness and inflammation of the affected areas may also occur.


Treatment of myositis is directly related to the cause of its occurrence.

  • When myositis caused by infectious or inflammatory diseases, you must first conduct a full course of treatment of the underlying disease. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Analgin, Ortofen, Diclofenac, etc.) are prescribed for muscle pain. These drugs will significantly improve the patient's condition, relieve pain and fever.
  • In case of myositis caused by overstrain or hypothermia, it is necessary to provide rest to the affected muscle tissues (in severe cases it is bed rest) and to take painkillers. Be sure to organize the necessary muscles dry heat. If there are no contraindications, then massages and physiotherapy procedures will help.