What is political power?

Marina Nazarenko
Marina Nazarenko
January 11, 2013
What is political power?

Power is called social interaction. At least there are at least 2 subjects. One of them obeys, the other realizes with the help of the first his own will and interests. In this case, the subjects are the authorities and the people. No subordinates, no power. Power, in fact, itself serves to structure and organize relations between people. To this end, the authorities use various means, ranging from violence, fear and coercion to persuasion and encouragement.

What is political power and what it consists of

Political power is divided into state and public.

  • State power is exercised with the help of specially created institutions of power. These are parliament, government, judicial bodies, law enforcement agencies (police, army, prosecutor’s office, etc.), as well as the legal basis.
  • Various party structures, public organizations, independent media,public opinion in the aggregate form the public power.

Always in opposition to the state government acts public. If opinions on any issues diverge, these 2 constituent authorities begin to confront each other. As a result, either the adoption of a rational general decision, or a struggle in various forms.

What is characterized by political power

The existence of political power is possible in two main forms:

  • official or legal authority
  • unofficial, informal power.

If the official power is represented by a stable legalized state structure, then the informal power can be manifested by the power of certain influential individuals or clans and take on even a mafia character.

What is the structure of power

The sources of power can be knowledge, authority, power or its direct application, wealth, law, prestige, charisma, social and political status. That is, everything connected with the imperious beginning, with the fact that millions can be made to obey. Servants of power, those who implement it can realize the power attitude through order, submission, punishment, rationing of behavior.

The subjects of power are the state, namely, its institutions, political elite circles, leaders, and political parties. The objects of power are individuals, social groups, masses, classes, etc. The sphere of power is economic, social, legal, administrative, power, cultural and informational issues.

By using the resources of power, the means to influence the object of power, the power realizes and dictates its will. For example, with the help of material means, the government encourages employees in various fields to work. They, in turn, for the earned wages ensure the fulfillment of the will of the authorities.