What plants are called adaptogens?
The modern rhythm of life exhausts, makes you nervous and negatively affects your health. Fortunately, there are many ways to restore and protect the body, including plants. Some of them are considered adaptogens and will be useful for most people.
What it is?
Adaptogens are substances that contribute to the adaptation of the organism to the influence of negative factors (both external and internal), restoration after loads, stimulation of metabolic processes and increase of resistance. Such components may have a different origin, including vegetable. Using adaptogens, you can begin to live an active and fulfilling life.
There are the following types of adaptogens:
- Phytoadaptogens with plant origin. On their basis, one- or multicomponent preparations are manufactured. Some plants are used in their original form after minimal processing.
- Adaptogens of animal origin are made from different organs, tissues and physiological fluids of animals: horns, muscles, blood, tendons, bones.
- Mineral adaptogens, which include mumiyo.
- Synthetic, artificially obtained adaptogens, for example, riboxin, tomersol, inosine, dibazol.
- Vitamin adaptogens, which list includes vitamins C, groups B, E.
Interesting fact! Adaptogens began to be actively studied relatively recently, and the concept itself came into use in the middle of the last century. But the adaptogenic properties of some plants have been known and used for a long time: they were used in Eastern and Chinese medicine.
The composition and action of adaptogens
The action of adaptogens is determined by the substances that make up the plant. These are flavonoids, glycosides, polysaccharides, terpenoids, phytosterols, glycopeptides and other biologically active components of natural origin. Moreover, it is not individual substances that affect the health, but those processes that are launched or changed during the synergistic effect. In other words, the components unite, reinforce each other's actions and trigger a series of reactions, followed by changes for the better.
How do adaptogens work? They should affect the body in several ways:
- Stimulation of immunity, strengthening the natural defenses, increasing the body's resistance to attacks of bacteria, fungi and viruses.
- Stimulation of energy production (including production from glucose), its mobilization. This effect allows the body to increase the overall tone, recover faster after exertion or illness.
- Improving the endocrine system, the normalization of all metabolic processes. A good metabolism is not only good health, but also beauty, because if all the organs function smoothly and the substances are processed in a timely and correct manner, this affects the weight, condition of the hair, nails and skin.
- Most adaptogens are powerful antioxidants that neutralize the damaging activity of free radicals (oxidants), stop the oxidation of tissues, slow down their aging, and also prevent cell mutation and the development of cancer.
- Elimination of the effects of hypoxia (oxygen starvation), tissue oxygen saturation.
- Restoration and protection of cell membranes.
- Adaptation of the organism to new or extreme conditions, the influence of negative environmental factors, unfavorable ecology, unhealthy diet. Elimination of the effects of adverse effects.
- Normalization of digestion, acceleration of the process of excretion of toxins and toxic substances.
- Improving the functioning of the nervous system, protection from the effects of stress, facilitating the transmission of nerve impulses.
- Stimulation of contractile activity of the heart muscle, improvement of blood circulation.
What plants are called adaptogens and belong to this category? The list includes:
- Ginseng - the most famous and often used adaptogen, which has a pronounced immunomodulatory effect. The plant has a positive effect on potency and libido.
- Echinacea is often used to strengthen the immune system.
- Schisandra Chinese beneficial effect on the digestive system, improves the absorption of nutrients from the gastrointestinal tract.
- Ginger is useful for the immune system, helps with viral diseases and colds, accelerates recovery.
- Rhodiola pink or, as it is called otherwise, the "golden root" has a general strengthening effect, it helps with vegetative-vascular dystonia.
- Eleutherococcus is useful in overwork and physical exertion, it normalizes the level of glucose in the blood, stimulates the central nervous system.
- Aralia Manchurian tones up, improves metabolism, normalizes appetite.
- Zamaniha high in properties similar to ginseng.
It is advisable to start taking adaptogens after consulting a doctor and an examination in order to select the appropriate option and pattern of use. You can buy ready-made herbal medicine in a pharmacy and use it according to the instructions. It is convenient and safe, because you will know the dosage and can get confidence in the quality of raw materials.
If plants are used almost unchanged, then from their parts, which are considered the most useful, infusions, decoctions, tinctures are prepared. The proportions and methods of preparation depend on the specific adaptogen, the purpose of the application and the characteristics of the human body.
Contraindications and side effects
Any plants have contraindications, and in order to clarify them one should find out the properties of a particular adaptogen. Common limitations include individual hypersensitivity, periods of lactation and pregnancy, sleep disorders (insomnia, frequent nocturnal awakenings), increased nervous excitability, childhood, acute inflammatory processes and infections, diseases of the cardiovascular system (heart attack, arrhythmia, hypertension, tachycardia), fever body and feverish states.
Side effects are also possible: increased heart rate, headaches, sleep problems, allergic reactions, irritability, nervousness.
If you feel that it is time for the body to recover, study the action of adaptogens. They will give energy, health and beauty, if you take them deliberately and correctly.