What reserves are there?
Our today's article is devoted to nature reserves. You will learn about what reserves there are in our country, how many there are, what these reserves represent and, of course, about what animals live in the reserves. Well, we begin with determining the status of the reserve as a special territory. After all, state nature reserves are environmental protection, environmental education and research institutions in accordance with the law "On specially protected natural territories."
What reserves are in Russia
As of the beginning of 2012, there are 103 reserves in our territory. Most Russian reserves are located in such regions of our country as the Altai Republic, Buryatia, Astrakhan Oblast, Khabarovsk Territory, Perm Territory, Amur Oblast, Primorsky Krai, Republic of Karelia, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Bashkortostan. However, there are several reserves in the regions of the Volga region, and in the Chelyabinsk region, and one or two reserves are located in almost every area of our vast Motherland.The reserves have a goal to preserve and study the natural course of natural processes, phenomena, as well as the genetic foundation of the animal and plant world, and individual communities, and animal and plant species, unique and typical ecological systems. Reserves - one of the main types of natural areas subject to special protection.
What animals live in reserves
In the reserves, as a rule, live those animals that naturally accustomed to exist in the territories in which the reserves are located. On the European territory of Russia there are moose and bears, hares and foxes, and many other animals living in our natural conditions. And, for example, in Siberian and Ural reserves there are also such animal species, such as the deer. Maral is the largest species of red deer. Have you heard of such an animal as musk deer? It seems to be a deer, but not quite. The fact is that the musk deer is less than a deer, and it has no horns. And males have long protruding canines. In general, this animal is very secretive and cautious, and to see it live is a great success. Well, in the photo, here is - a charming creatureis not it? What animals are there in the reserve yet? And in the reserves live roe deer, lynx, wolf, badger, sable, ermine, weasel, otter, mink, pika mouse, column. The columns are a relative of affection and the polemus, a predator pursued by another predator - sable. Of course, this list is far from complete, because in addition to mammals, a huge number of birds, fish, insects, and reptiles live in reserves.
What are the reserves
Well, now let's talk about the most famous Russian reserves and tell you about which national reserves are the most remarkable. It must be said that the very first Russian reserve, Barguzinsky, was founded at the very beginning of 1917, more precisely, on January 11. It is located in the territory of Buryatia. Well, then the list of protected areas only expanded with each decade. The oldest reserves, apart from Barguzinsky, are also Astrakhan (founded in 1919), Ilmensky (founded in 1920 in the Chelyabinsk Region) and Caucasus (founded in 1924). The most recent in the list of reserves were included reserves "Erzi" (2000, Ingushetia), "Kologrivsky Forest" (2006, Kostroma region) and "Utrish" (2010, Krasnodar Territory).In accordance with the ongoing measures to implement the “Concept for the Development of the Protected Natural Territories System for the Period up to 2020”, it is planned to create 11 more new reserves, of which two (Ingermanland and Shaitan-Tau) - in the very near future.
The total area of reserves in our country is not less than 340 thousand km ² - this is a colossal area comparable in size to Finland. The largest Russian reserves are the Big Arctic (Krasnoyarsk Territory - more than 41 thousand km²), Komandorsky (Kamchatka Territory - more than 36 thousand km²), and Wrangel Island (more than 22 thousand km²). Well, the smallest reserves in Russia are Belogorye (Belgorod region, about 21 km²) and Prioksko-Terrasny (Moscow region) and Galich'ya Gora (Lipetsk region) - both less than 50 km². The largest number of reserves is located on the territories of the Krasnoyarsk Territory (7), as well as the Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territories (6 each). We also note that most of the reserves are directly subordinated to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation, but some of them belong to the RAS, the Russian Academy of Sciences and some other ministries: for example, the Far Eastern Marine Reserve belongs to the Institute of Marine Biology, Kedrovaya Pad,as well as the Ussuri Nature Reserve - to the Institute of Biology and Soil, Galichia Gora - to the Voronezh State University Min. Education and Science of Russia, and East Uralsky - to the Mayak Production Association, which belongs to the Federal Atomic Energy Agency. In general, it can be said that state bodies are finally starting to pay attention to their own natural heritage.