What to do if you have a flux?
Everyone, from early childhood, knows that it is necessary to visit the dentist at least twice a year, and this is the case if in the interval between prophylactic examinations nothing hurts and does not bother you. Probably, if everyone observed such an easy installation, then it would probably be possible to reduce the number of all kinds of dental aches, at least twice.
However, most of us neglect this rule of dentistry, perhaps because of deep childhood fear, which does not go away and is carried along with us into adulthood, someone blames the lack of time, well, and someone lives by the principle of will cease. "
But it was not there! Toothache is one of those types of pain that cannot be tolerated, it is imperative that you contact a specialist who can determine its causes and relieve you from anguish.
However, not all act in such situations wisely, delaying a visit to the dentist, they do not even realize that they themselves are preparing for themselves a serious test called "flux".By the way, this is how it is often called in the people, and in medicine this pathology is referred to as periostitis, in which all the main essence of the disease lies.
If a toothache is constantly haunting you, is aggravated by biting or pressing a tooth, and is also accompanied by inflammation and swelling of the surrounding tissues of the tooth, then you most likely picked up the flux. What to do?
The main cause of periostitis in an adult is a tooth that was not promptly cured of caries. Unfortunately, caries is a rather insidious disease, which is not always realistic to feel, especially at first, and then it becomes too late.
That is why routine checkups at the dentist is a truly effective method of dealing with many serious dental ailments. Untreated caries provokes the occurrence of pus, which first accumulates in the gum, causing its noticeable swelling, and then seeks to get into the jaw bone and break out.
By the way, this serious disease in children is not less common than in adults. The reason remains the same: caries, however, baby teeth are much thinner than permanent ones, which contributes to the almost instantaneous spread of infection and, as a result, the development of flux.
Also a common cause of this disease is mechanical damage, in particular, this applies to children: the habit of trying everything “to taste” provokes the occurrence of microtraumas on the gums mucous membrane. If an infection gets into such microtraumas, then the likelihood of periostitis increases significantly.
In fact, the reasons provoking the emergence of periostitis, in any case, are based on the introduction of infection, so it is very important to monitor not only the health of the teeth, but also the oral hygiene. The putrefactive processes that originate in the caries or gingival pocket, provoke the formation and movement of pus through the formed channels inside the bone tissue.
The pathological process provokes the emergence of the main symptoms: pain in the jaw region, growing into pulsating pain, which can give in the ear or neck. Often, the flux is accompanied by an elevated body temperature of up to 38 °, the pain gradually becomes unbearable, especially if you delay the visit to the doctor.
The main danger of this condition is complications, which, if untimely, can result in the form of an abscess or phlegmon.
In fact, the flux is the same abscess, but with the difference that purulent foci can spread beyond the periosteum.
Phlegmon is a severe complication of the flux, as a result of which purulent inflammation spreads not only in the mouth area, but also spreads to other anatomical areas. With this condition, the risk of blood infection is high, which can lead to death.
But all this can be easily avoided by starting the treatment of the flux that appeared on time, while observing all the recommendations prescribed by the doctor.
First aid with flux
Once again: flux is not a disease where you can self-medicate, you should contact a specialist as soon as possible. But it happens that the tooth has hurt in the evening or ahead, several days off are expected, which, somehow, need to be experienced with minimal losses for one's own health.
If you are interested in how to cure the flux in the home, then our answer is simple - no way. You can only diminish the symptoms and delay time, but it is almost impossible to completely cure, because surgical intervention is necessary.
What not to do:
- To put warming compresses or to tie a sick cheek with a scarf or a scarf. The effect of heat provokes a more rapid spread of pus, which can lead to the complications described above.
- Do not take any antibiotics before consulting a doctor. Taking painkillers should be stopped at least 3 hours before the visit to the specialist to make the diagnosis as accurate as possible.
- While you are waiting to see a doctor, you can alleviate your suffering a little with the help of rinses and folk remedies. For these purposes, a decoction of sage, which has an excellent antiseptic and wound-healing effect, is well suited. You can use the most common means - rinsing with soda and salt - the solution should be at room temperature, and you need to rinse every 2 hours. Other herbal extracts can also be used, however, it should be remembered that this is not a treatment method, but only an adjunct.
How to treat?
After you cross the threshold of the dental office, you will be examined and diagnosed. Usually, flux is treated by cutting the gums to remove all pus that has accumulated; naturally, the operation is done under local anesthesia.
It will not be possible to remove the pus instantly, so a small drainage, a sterile strip is inserted into the incision, which will not allow the gum to close for some time. Usually, a dentist prescribes antibiotic therapy, which may differ, depending on the specific case.
Usually, within 12 hours after the incision, there is a noticeable relief, there may be pain in the incision area, which should pass within 2-3 days. If, after 12 hours, relief did not come, then an urgent need to consult a doctor. To make the incision heal faster, you can use the same rinses: decoctions based on sage and oak bark have a truly healing effect.