Which countries are in the European Union?

Elena Minkina
Elena Minkina
August 9, 2012
Which countries are in the European Union?

The European Union is the political and economic union of a number of European countries. Today, the European Union includes 27 states. Legally, the creation of the European Union was enshrined by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force on November 1, 1993.

The European Union is an international entity combining features of both a state and an international organization. Decisions in the European Union are made in some areas through interstate negotiations, and in others by independent international institutions.

In 1985, the autonomous territory of Denmark, Greenland, withdrew from the European Union. But no other country left the European Union. The procedure for the withdrawal of any country from the European Union is governed by the Lisbon Treaty.

Which countries are in the European Union today?

The formation of the European Union began in 1957, with the signing of a treaty between France, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Italy, Germany and Belgium.Then they were gradually joined by Ireland, Denmark and the United Kingdom (1973), Greece (1981), Portugal and Spain (1985), Sweden, Finland, Austria (1995), Estonia, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Slovakia, Poland, Malta, Lithuania, Latvia, Cyprus and Hungary (2004). The last to the European Union in 2007 were Romania and Bulgaria. In 1990, as a result of joining West Germany, the GDR became part of the European Union.

In addition to these participating countries, there are also countries that have the status of a candidate for EU membership. These include: Montenegro, Croatia, Turkey, Serbia, Macedonia and Iceland.