What is a hetman?
Today we talk about the historical term "hetman". What is a hetman? The title of hetman, which appeared in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1497, was originally given to the army commander only during the period of active hostilities, but in 1581 it becomes permanent for military commanders. Since 1572, the head of the Zaporozhian Army, the registered Cossack army, is also called hetman.
Cossack hetmans were also at first only military leaders, but after the transition of Left-Bank Ukraine under Russian rule, their powers expanded and extended to the civilian population — the hetman became the head of legislative, executive and judicial power in Ukraine. The first hetman ruler became Bogdan Khmelnitsky. Signs of power of the hetman are horsetail and mace.